Under the rule of current President Yoweri Museveni, Uganda has seen a period of relative stability compared to the turbulent unrest that plagued the country in the 1980s. He has rebuilt the economy to be one of the most successful in Africa and has greatly reduced the power of the Lord’s Resistance Army, a rebel organization that once wreaked havoc in the northern region of the country.
However, prior to Museveni, Uganda experienced dark times, especially under former President Milton Obote (1962–1971, 1980–1986).
Obote was a prominent figure in Ugandan politics for decades, first serving as prime minister for four years following the country’s declaration of independence from the British in 1962. He then occupied the presidency until 1971, only to return to the role in 1980 after brief interlude of four other men, the most notorious being Idi Amin.
However, not everyone welcomed his return to power. Following claims of electoral fraud, Yoweri Museveni publicly challenged the results of the 1980 election and embarked on a campaign of armed resistance against the government. The resulting “Bush War” pitted Museveni’s National Resistance Army (NRA) against the government’s Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA). The conflict raged for five years, from 1981 to 1986.